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NEWSNatural artistic stone shows the best
The influence of Hui'an stone carvings in society
There is a saying in the Chinese folk: "Relying on the mountains to eat the mountains, relying on the sea to eat the sea", most people think of the above statement as the regional characteristics of the ancient Chinese society and economy, or the important influencing factors of Chinese traditional civilization, but there are some things It is not fixed, and there will always be surprising changes in social development. Just as Hui'an is a county close to the sea, it is not rich in quarries, but the influence of Hui'an stone carvings is greater than that of seafood. This change may surprise many people. If you drove to Hui'an by car, you can often see stone carvings of different colors and exquisite carvings on both roads. In the industrial park from Hui'an to Chongwu, there are machines from various factories. The sound of processing stone sculptures is endless. You can also see a figure of a craftsman focusing on carving. Perhaps it is precisely because of this persistence and perseverance that the reputation of Hui'an stone carving has been created. Looking at the land of China, almost where there are stone carvings, there are the shadows of Hui'an stone carvings, such as the Great Hall of the People, the statue of Mao Zedong in Orange Island, Min Gong and Daoming of Jiuhua Mountain, the largest reclining Buddha statue in Japan, and famous tourist attractions such as the Buddha statue of Buddha in Taiwan. Buddhism will not lack the shadow of Hui'an stone carvings. In many places, Hui'an stone carvings have become their unique attractions. On the other hand, how can there be no Huian stone carvings in front of the ancient house, the beams and pillars of the ancestral hall, and the temple courtyard. The main reason why Hui'an stone carving is famous all over the world is not because there are many ore mines, but because of the "craftsman spirit" that has existed in almost every household. It is precisely because of this spirit that many Hui'an artisans have spent their lives. To pursue the development of craftsmanship, even when they are old they need to face the merciless torture of lung disease. This belief is still immortal. The author once had the honor to know the creators of the two statues of Min Gong and Daoming mentioned above. It is said that they spent two years looking for good carving materials. How silly for others. But they are willing to do it. Therefore, it is not uncommon for Hui'an stone carvings to be world-renowned and glorious.
Strategies for selecting granite materials, remember these three points
Granite refers to a special rock composed of quartz, feldspar, and mica with aesthetics, durability, and easy formability. Different types of granite have different scopes of use, and they can be used properly for building Beauty and durability will be improved. So how to choose granite in daily use? 1. The application of granite should first follow to ensure the construction quality of the building Granite is currently one of the most widely used building materials. Its durability and durability can reach 75-200 years. However, if you choose unsuitable granite, the durability and durability of the building will be reduced, and the service life will be reduced. Will decrease. The granite used in the outdoor curtain wall should choose the stone with small mineral particles, high closeness between minerals and minerals, uniform texture, and low content of easily weathered minerals, especially when it is applied to the parts with load-bearing function, and the material selection should be paid more attention to. The mineral particles are small and the closeness between the minerals and the minerals is high, which makes the surface minerals of the stone not easy to fall off in the natural environment of wind and rain; in the stone of uniform texture, there should be no weak interlayer or weak veins in the stone, and the minerals are evenly distributed , It is not easy to appear the phenomenon that the physical performance indicators of different parts are very different; the content of easy-weathering minerals is small, which can improve the degree of weathering resistance of the minerals, and different construction techniques can also be used to reduce the area of easy-weathering minerals on the stone surface and increase the resistance to weathering minerals. The area can also improve the resistance to weathering of the stone. The choice of granite should also consider the physical properties of granite. GB/T18601-2001 "Natural Granite Building Slabs" stipulates that the bulk density of granite is greater than or equal to 2.56Mg·m-3, the compressive strength is greater than or equal to 100MPa, the bending strength is greater than or equal to 8MPa, and the requirements for water absorption are If it is less than or equal to 0.6%, stone materials for construction should be selected in strict accordance with this standard to ensure the quality of the materials. For example, Laizhou white-monzonite granite Shandong Baima and Laizhou white have a bulk density of 2.6Mg·m-3 and a bending strength of 5.6MPa. The bending strength of GB/T18601-2001 "Natural Granite Building Slabs" stipulates that the bending strength is greater than or equal to 8MPa, so Laizhou white-monzonite granite is not suitable for key parts in construction; for example, Wulianhong-monzonite granite has a compressive strength of 92.89 MPa, which is also not suitable for key parts in construction. Therefore, you should ask for a real test report when buying stone, and make a selection based on the corresponding physical properties. 2, the color pattern of granite stone should be in harmony with the surrounding environment Different granites have different colors due to different minerals. For example, the color of stone with more olivine minerals is more black, and the color of stone with more chlorite minerals is more green. In addition to the color of the stone itself, With different processing techniques, the color of granite will be slightly different. Generally speaking, the color of the smooth surface of the same stone is darker than the color of the singeing surface, the particle surface or other rough surfaces. Will affect the use of stone. Choosing stones with appropriate colors and patterns can beautify the building, increase the beauty of the building, and also improve the coordination between the building and the surrounding environment. 3. Suggestions for stone selection based on the results of cluster analysis GB/T18601-2001 "Natural Granite Building Boards" stipulates that the bulk density of granite is 2.56Mg·m-3 or more, the compressive strength is greater than or equal to 100MPa, and the bending strength is greater than or equal to 8MPa; JTG F30-2003 The "Technical Specification for Cement Concrete Pavement Construction" stipulates that the compressive strength of igneous rock is not less than 100MPa, the compressive strength of heavy traffic is: 57.5Mpa, the bending strength is: 7.5Mpa; the compressive strength of heavy traffic is: 52.5Mpa , The bending strength is: 7Mpa; the compressive strength of medium and light traffic is: 42.5Mpa, and the bending strength is: 6.5Mpa. GB50210-2001 "Code for Quality Acceptance of Building Decoration Engineering" stipulates that the bending strength of stone in stone curtain wall engineering should not be less than 8MPa; GB50209-2002 "Code for Construction Quality Acceptance of Building Ground Engineering" stipulates that the compressive strength of the cement concrete overall sur
How to clean and maintain sculpture art
Maintenance of stone carving art: 1. The collection of stone sculptures should be protected from the sun, wind, and dust; too much dust will damage the natural charm of the work, so it is best to put it in a glass cabinet, which is convenient for viewing and preservation, and stone sculptures for outdoor decoration The dust on its surface should be treated regularly. 2, it can be maintained by sealing wax method, that is, apply a thin layer of wax after heating the printing stone and printing carving, and polish it with a soft cloth. For some stone sculptures that have been collected for a long time and have been "faded", wash them with warm water, dry them in the shade, heat with a hair dryer, wax sealing, and polish them to make the works look new. 3. Stone carvings should avoid corrosive liquids, avoid violent collisions, and maintain their long-lasting and beautiful appearance. Cleaning of sculpture art: The sculpture is mainly to clean up the dust, you can use a broom to sweep away the dust, and then wipe it clean with a rag. If the surface of the stone carving is stained, you can use a spatula to gently peel off the dirt; if there is related technology, you can also use some materials containing ionic surfactants to remove some common pollution on the stone. When cleaning, avoid using some corrosive detergents to clean the stone sculptures and avoid damaging the surface of the stone sculptures, especially acid or alkaline detergents must be used with caution.
How to repair the damaged stone crafts?
First, remove the floating dust, oily dirt and weathered loose material on the surface of the repaired part to keep the surface dry and firm. Secondly, use pre-engraved templates with materials including thick paper, cardboard, and wood to cover areas that do not need to be repaired. Then it's repair work Mix an appropriate amount of baking soda or a little rice flour with super glue to form a translucent jelly, then add some powder matching the color of the stone carving to fill the incomplete part of the stone carving, arrange it, and wipe off the excess part with a soft cloth . After it is fully dried, compare whether the color of the finished product is consistent with the color of the stone carving. The last step is to lightly sand the area that the stone carving needs to fill with sandpaper of high sand grain size, and remove the dust particles with a clean cloth. Spray a layer of waterproof topcoat after the surface stone mortar paint is dry. This completes the repair of the stone carving. Fujian Gongrong Stone Industry Group was formally established in 2011 (it has been operating since 1991). It is a company that integrates interior and exterior decoration engineering, building curtain wall engineering, garden ancient construction engineering, building decoration material production and sales, large-scale special-shaped building materials and various An architectural decoration enterprise integrating multiple services such as stone carving products, is located in Hui'an County, Quanzhou, the "Hometown of Stone Carving in China". Gongrong Group has first-class qualification for architectural curtain wall engineering design and construction, first-class qualification for professional contracting of garden and ancient architectural engineering, first-class qualification for design and construction of building decoration engineering, third-class qualification for professional contracting of steel structure engineering, and third-class professional contracting for metal doors and windows. It is a well-known brand and leading enterprise in the stone industry and building curtain wall industry in Hui'an and even Fujian, and is one of the top 20 professional contractors in the construction industry in Fujian Province.
Main points of cleaning, renovation and protection in stone maintenance
The disease of stone can be basically divided into two categories: one is that the micropores of the stone are occupied by foreign objects, and the microstructure of the stone itself has not been significantly damaged, for example, most of the rusty yellow spots, organic stains, salt spots and white flowers, water Stains and water spots, oil spots and oil stains and so on. For this type of disease, professional cleaning is the preferred method. The other type is that the microstructure of the stone has been damaged to a certain extent, such as the surface loss, chalking, peeling, holes, cracks, etc. For the second type of disease, refurbishment methods are generally used. Cleaning Professional cleaning is a method for cleaning different causes and objects of stone diseases. The main focus here is on the cleaning of the stains of the decorative stone that have penetrated into the micropores of the stone, which is called the "deep cleaning" of the stone. Generally speaking, the deep cleaning of the stone should include at least the following three steps: (1) The cleaning agent enters the micropores of the stone through the infiltration process; (2) The cleaning agent has a physical or chemical effect with dirt molecules in the micro-L gap of the stone; (3) Remove the residue after cleaning by suction or dilution. The first and third items here are the basic operation steps necessary to complete the deep cleaning, and the second step, that is, the cleaning agent that can interact with dirt molecules needs to be based on the nature of the dirt, the material of the stone and the convenience of the treatment process. Carefully design and experiment. Here the chemical method has a unique effect. Notable issues in deep cleaning of stone include: (1) should be tested first. The "sickness" of stone is very different, for example, there can be many kinds of deliquescent salts that form water spots. Therefore, without knowing the specific cause of the smudge, we recommend doing a small experiment first; (2) Choose the cleaning agent carefully. Inferior cleaning agents are often strong acids, which are likely to cause more serious stone diseases, such as surface loss and chalking, water spots and salt spots, loose corrosion and yellowing. Therefore, it is recommended that users first choose high-quality products from reliable manufacturers; secondly, protect the parts that are not ready to be cleaned before cleaning, and remove residual chemicals after cleaning; in addition, the cleaning of stone cultural relics should ask relevant experts Argument. Refurbished Renovation is a treatment method for the surface or surface microstructure damage caused by stone disease. Polishing, sandblasting and coating are the most basic refurbishment operations. The easiest way to refurbish is to polish it again or apply a layer of masking material. Grinding and polishing can restore the original natural appearance of the smooth surface of the stone that has lost its gloss on the surface, pulverized and peeled off the surface, and dissolved on the surface. The combination of some new abrasive tools, abrasives and chemical additives can make the refurbished stone surface reach a mirror gloss of more than 90 degrees.
Fujian Gongrong Building Decoration Engineering Co., Ltd.
Address: Chihu Industrial Zone, Hui'an County, Quanzhou City, Fujian Province